Most comprehensive data on African elephant population
A report of the AfESG (African Specialist Elephant Group) shows that most elephants are illegally killed in Southern African than in the rest of the continent.
In 2012 a number of 436.306 elephants were killed in Africa in which 270.299 alone were from Southern Africa. This region is made of countries like Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Botswana, Mozambique and Lesotho. Because of armed conflicts around the continents many areas have also emerged where elephants are killed, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda. The report says that elephants are killed because of their tasks and meat. But there are some other reasons for which elephants are killed, they include the ever conflict between the elephants and human when it comes to land spaces that as we know today is becoming fewer for both the elephants and humans, there is also the occurrence of the climate change that cause drought in those regions. All these conditions are continuing to pose threats to the long-term survival of elephant populations across Africa. According to recent reports poaching of elephants has been increasing in last years.
Although a number of innovative methods are emerging to add to the toolbox to help mitigate this conflict (Graham et al., 2011; King, 2011), long-term land use planning and cooperative management of elephant populations with local communities are required to provide sustainable solutions. Studies of elephant movement patterns are ongoing in many sites. But the biggest cause for the killing of the African Elephants is the increase on illicit trade of ivory to Asia in particular to China and Japan, Thailand and other countries that use ivory as a form of medicine. To stop this illegally trade the organisation suggests that measures must put in place in the counties that buy ivory, proper global control mechanisms involving all the countries around the world to prevent the traffic. This means best control at airports and port, more involvement of the police and Interpol to intercept and arrest traffickers.
Western countries must help African countries put in place infrastructures that will protect both animals and local residents to live in harmony between them. Those involved must raise the awareness of the benefits of the elephants for the making of the biodiversity to avoid the degradation of the environment they live in.
The AfESG (African Specialist Group) is an conservation organisation that defends and monitors the killing of endangered animal in Africa. They build infrastructures, they organise seminars and raise awareness about the danger of the elephants