Prison populations in England and Wales have been rising dramatically since the year 1900 – a report shows.
The prison population statistics report from the Ministry of Justice on July 2013 states that there was a record high of prisoners totaling 88,179 on 2 December 2011 in England and Wales.
At the beginning of the year 1900, there was a modest 17,435 of prisoners which has more than quadrupled to 83,842 at the end of June 2013.
The amount of incarcerated men and females were at their lowest numbers during the world war period where the record lowest for men being 8443 in the year 1940. The lowest recorded number of female prisoners was in 1930 with 785 women, only increasing a small number of 149 females in ten years.
After the war, the number of incarcerated males swelled to over double the figure in 1940. The small figure of a massive of 8,443 male prisoners jumped to an astounding 19,367 captives – an increase of 10,924 captives.
Since this year figures for both men and women have been on a steady and gradual increase up to the year 2012.
In times of prison closures and overcrowding – it is uncertain to determine the reasons of rising prison numbers can simply be the result of population growth, times of austerity or the implementation of more criminalised laws such as anti-social behaviour.